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Primate Social Cognition
Published 9/2/2014 in Neuroanthropology: The Course
Author Ashley Arzola
The Following is a brief summary of “Understanding Primate Brain Evolution” by R.I.M Dunbar and Susan Shultz. The researcher begin by describing the original social brain hypothesis, which was used to explain why primates have larger brains compared to their body size when compared to other vertebrates. Throughout this explanation they state that the limiting factor for research into the limit of the social brain hypothesis is the small amount of attempts to to evaluate if the relationship between brain size and group size is truly bound to these variables. Their points to prove throughout the research were to: confirm the original findings hold up to not only primates but a wider perspective across the mammalian spectrum, and View brain evolution within a broader perspective. As the social brain hypothesis was extensively tested on primates, research from Perez-Barberia & Gordon (2005) and Shultz & Dunbar (2006) have been able to show that social... read more ❯
Primate Social Cognition
Published 9/2/2014 in The Schema
Author Greg Batchelder
I am currently reading the book “The Encultured Brain: An Introduction to Neuroanthropology” edited by Daniel H. Lende and Greg Downey. These are thoughts I had after reading the chapter “Primate Social Cognition, Human Evolution, and Niche Construction: A Core Context for Neuroanthropology.” It was written by Catherine C. MacKinnon and Augustine Fuentes. The authors begin their discussion with the background of primatology. In the 1930s up through the 1950s researchers were focused on studies of social behavior and ecology of the nonhuman primates. In 1951, Sherwood Washburn called for a “new physical anthropology” in which research would integrate laboratory and field studies, examine comparative anatomy and functional morphology, and describe the links between ecology and behavior. In the 1960s and the 1970s fieldwork was conducted with chimpanzees, mountain gorillas, and orangutans by researchers such as Jane Goodall, Diane Fosse, and Birute Galdikas. In the field of psychology, Harry Harlow conducted... read more ❯
"A Critique of the Grandmother Hypotheses: Old and New (Add. Article- Grad #1)
Published 9/1/2014 in Biology, Culture, and Evolution
Author spcannon
Sierra Cannon- Additional Grad Article (Week 2 9-8-2014) #1 While reading the assigned material for class, I realized one of the major aspects of Human Biology was human adaption. In this instance, I then found an article in relation to human adaption. Human adaptation is referring to the way in which humans adapt to their specific environments. Inside the American Journal of Human Biology, I found an article entitled, “A Critique of the Grandmother Hypotheses: Old and New.” In this piece, Jocelyn Scott Peccei introduces menopause as  human adaptation among grandmothers vs. mothers. The conditions include the idea of grandmothers from different parts of the globe such as Hadza women from Tanzania, Kung tribe in Southern Africa, and Ye’kwana community in Venezuela in adapting during menopause to help aid the mother with future grandchildren. Menopause is viewed as quality over quantity in a way of producing future kin (grandchildren) through mothers... read more ❯
Notes from a Cinephile
Published 8/29/2014 in Neuroanthropology: The Course
Author Shannon Sproston
Humans have always held a fascination with storytelling. The form has evolved from spoken legends, hieroglyphs, and cave drawings, to those born of recent technology, such as films, comic books, and even video games. It is something that sets us apart from the rest of the animal kingdom, and the list of benefits is long. Though, I don't think I can convey its capacity for influence better than this scene from Dead Poet's Society (directed by Australian Peter Weir). I've been interested in films for many years. My passion flourished when I began college, and was further realized when I was appointed Director of the International Film Series at the University of Northern Colorado. It was a paid job, but I would have done it for free. We used 35mm film (which is not cheap), and ran it through a projector from the 50's. It did require occasional troubleshooting, but the history and... read more ❯
Published 8/27/2014 in Neuroanthropology: The Course
Author Camille Morgan
If life is like a John Hughes movie, in high school I would have been labeled a "jock." From ages six to twenty-two, I played soccer year-round. One of my youth teams was even ranked number one in the nation, if only for a day. By the time I made it to high school, I preferred the center midfield position. I enjoyed controlling the movement of the ball and being in the center of the action. I had a tendency to unnecessarily dribble into the thick of things just to see if I could find my way out. While admittedly not the fastest player on the field, I had excellent ball control and quick feet. The problem was that the varsity team already had those central midfield positions filled by two well-respected players who had the ability to play as one unit. This unfortunate situation provided me the opportunity to... read more ❯
Run it! Run it!
Published 8/27/2014 in Neuroanthropology: The Course
Author Taylor Burbach
I wrote this before I realized someone else also wrote about running as their hobby.... hopefully our posts are different enough to not be redundant. Running is not something I ever thought I would enjoy. Even after I started running for fitness, I did it infrequently. I would push myself too hard, injure myself, and have to back off before I could do anything else. Last year, I decided I wanted to participate in a color run (specifically Color Me Rad). I learned how to pace myself and trained like crazy. I discovered it was something I enjoyed... a lot! I even decided I would sign up for the running class here at UA (who doesn't want class credit for... read more ❯
Running On
Published 8/27/2014 in Neuroanthropology: The Course
Author Lauren Nolan
  I began running in the form of track in the eighth grade.  I, unfortunately, was sick on the day of sign ups and was automatically put in the two mile race where no one wanted to be and where there was plenty of space for me.  Initially I hated the “long distance” (only considered long distance in the context of track & field) but in the fall of my eighth grade year I somehow found myself surrounded by a bunch of sleepy eyed cross country runners.  I wasn’t good.  I finally improved enough by the end of middle school to justify trying out for the sport in high school and I wasn’t good at any other sport anyways.  However, when I arrived for tryouts I found that really there was no such thing.  Running was a place where people go when they are either made for running or aren’t made... read more ❯
It's Not O.K. to Hit
Published 8/27/2014 in Neuroanthropology: The Course
Author Carson Patterson
I was raised in a physical family. Happy, sad, or angry my life has always been a tactile one. I grew up channeling this into sports and theater, not very well I might add. I am known among my circle of friends as the hitter, especially if I've imbibed. People put up with it because they like my personality and because I assume that everything else about be is fairly up to snuff. This is just a quirk that must be tolerated in order to get to the good stuff. However, in my junior year I found rugby. A sport that relishes in the clash of bodies, broken bones, and a bit of blood. In my first season I hurt my hips, I my second I was hospitalized for a lower leg injury. I was punched in the face, thrown to the ground, and... read more ❯
Shooting the Breeze
Published 8/27/2014 in Neuroanthropology: The Course
Author Mindy Russo
  Growing up on the coast of Mobile Bay, I was always intrigued by the water. It wasn't until I moved to Tuscaloosa until I truly realized how much I would come to miss living on the coast. I wanted to entitle this post as "Shooting the Breeze" because it does not only relate to my sailing activities, but it describes my life interests thus far in many ways. I enjoy exploring. I want to focus on exploring in this assignment, with a concentration on the particular hobby of sailing.  The term "shooting the breeze" is actually a quite common saying, and it has its origins in sailing. In fact, in this first picture of me here I believe I am in the process of doing just that. At the beginning of a race, competitors will inch towards the starting line. You... read more ❯
Shredding it
After my senior year of high school, my best friend Zak and I decided to devote our summer to building and learning how to longboard. We went to Lowe's; bought plywood, wood glue, sand paper, fiberglass, and clamps; and before you could say, "Gnarly, bro," we had built two absolute death traps. We both eventually caved and bought boards, but not after  we'd encountered sufficient amounts of road rash and angry motorists. Historical: None of my family members (except my sister) have ever been into any type of skateboarding.  About 5,200 years ago (3200 B.C.E.) Mesopotamians realized that their pottery wheels could be used for transportation, and since then, wheels have become integral to  industrialized society. The first skateboards arose in the 1940's-1950's as a way to "surf" when the waves were down. They... read more ❯
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