The first three articles were all about machismo and marianismo. This is the idea of how men become the feared head of the house who everyone respects and nobody questions. Men can achieve this in varying ways but there were a few crucial themes. Showing power over your spouse by abuse is the biggest factor and second was the lack of emotion. Manly men who are at the top of the hierarchy and powerful can’t show any signs of weakness. For women they idolized the Virgin Mary. Their two biggest steps to achieving marianismo are marriage and child birth. I found it interesting that women thought suffering abuse was necessary to achieving this status. Almost like it was necessary to be a wise adult female who can properly manage a family. Another important topic was the triangular relationship of mother, father, offspring and how this altered under circumstances. I though it was interesting how it was accepted for a male to abuse his wife yet he would never do that to his mother. Meanwhile the son could see this and eventually repeat. the difference in wife and mother there was interesting. Machismo and marianismo were two general ideas so the debunking article was able to find some examples of where this does not take place. For example men doing basket weaving and women in the field. There was also an example of a community where male and female had equal bipartisan strength in the family.

The fourth article was about natural remedies. women would administer basic medicines where men would perform cleansing rituals. The idea of bad emotions was also considered sickness. A lot of it was superstitious health – dont go into the valley you might get ill or dont go to the rock outcropping. Sickness was a more broad term here it could be used for when some one slept too long or didnt break a sweat at work. The idea of “debilidad” was the idea that anyone can get sick at any time. The

The last article talked in great detail of an assembly line factory, who the workers are, what their jobs mean to them, their hierarchy in the work place and the personal relations there. Their well paying wages was an incentive for the tedious repetitive jobs they had. Many of the workers were immigrants on visas and they were strategically and hard for promotions. The author talks from the perspective of the company and the worker seeing both sides of the contracts, their hiring strategies, and training.











2 thoughts on “Gender

  1. I found this week’s articles shocking. I felt that the studies still made excuses for the men. No one really offered solutions. Perhaps, no one is demanding a solution, but I was left with a number of questions after reading these. I understand the historical, social, and religious aspects of society have all contributed to the construction of this superior man complex, but I guess I wanted to see a woman with the drive to go against this “acceptable” system. The view were extremely hypocritical. The male expectation for the woman is unrealistic. The mother’s expectation for the offspring especially the daughter is unrealistic. It seemed like a cyclical pattern that could be adjusted with little effort. However, I am aware that this sexism is practiced in every culture all over the world. I just do not think it is as tolerated in some places. I was honestly quite surprised that this is the reigning view. Do you think the media portrays Latino women as weak or more empowered than these articles depict?

  2. The study of gender roles in Latin America is a popular, and complicated area of inquiry. Gender is essentialized and performed in ways that are in one way similar to that of Western society (i.e., patriarchal), but in other ways is completely “foreign.” It can not be overstated that the unique historical backgrounds of the region, combined with economic forces have lead towards these dominant ways of “displaying” and “performing” gender. As we will read next week, the machismo male prestige complex is just as complex and conflicted for men as marianismo is for women–it simultaneously represents resistance and a tactic for survival, as it does contribute to their own oppression and suffering.

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