Department of Anthropology College of Arts and Sciences The University of Alabama

The Anthropology of Roman Catholicism Bibliography

Michael Dean Murphy
University of Alabama

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This bibliography is compiled for use by students in "Myth, Ritual, and Magic", an introduction to the anthropology of religion.  The browser may also wish to consult  the Web Jump Station for the Anthropology of Religion.   A web page devoted to Roman Catholicism is currently under construction.

Perhaps the greatest problem with this necessarily  incomplete bibliography (apart from the fact that only entries in English are included) is that as yet the many ethnographic monographs that contain a chapter or two about Catholicism are not included.  Anyone who wishes to contribute additions or suggestions for the bibliography is encouraged to submit them via email by clicking here.


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Ackerman, Susan E.

1980 The Language of Religious Innovation: Spirit Possession and Exorcism in a Malaysian Catholic Pentecostal Movement. Journal of Anthropological Research 37:90-100.

1984 Experimentation and Renewal Among Malaysian Christians: The Charismatic Movement in Kuala Lumpur and Petaling Jaya. Southeast Asian Journal of Social Science 37:35-48.

1993 Rebuilding Sacred Worlds: Lay-Oriented Buddhist and Catholic Reformism in Malaysia. Sojourn 8:128-152.

Ackerman, Susan E., and Raymond L. M. Lee

1988 Heaven in Transition: Non-Muslim Religious Innovation and Ethnic Identity in Malaysia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Adair, J.

1978 The Pilgrim's Way: Shrines and Saints in Britain and Ireland. Over Wallop,Hampshire: Thames and Hudson.

Adams, Waltar Randolph

1991 Social Structure in Pilgrimage and Prayer: Tzeltales as Lords and Servants. In Pilgrimage in Latin America. N. Ross Crumrine and Alan Morinis, ed. Pp. 109-122. Westport: Greenwood Press.

Aerts, T.

1987 The Unique Catholic Church at Fane. Bikmaus (Papua New Guinea) 7(3):40-49.

Amitrano-Savarese, A.

1987 The Voice of Drums, or About the Relationship Between Human Beings and Saints in Sicily. Studia Fennica 32:155-165.

Angrosino, Michael

1994 Culture Concept and the Mission of the Roman Catholic Church. American Anthropologist 96:824-832.

Arbuckle, Gerald A.

1978 The Impact of Vatican II on the Marists in Oceania. In Mission, Church and Sect in Oceania. James A. Boutilier, Daniel T. Hughes and Sharon W. Tiffany, eds. Pp. 275-299. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Armstrong, M. Jocelyn

1990 Christianity and Maori Ethnicity in the South Island of New Zealand. In Christianity in Oceania: Ethnographic Perspectives. John Barker, ed. Pp. 237-258. Lanham: University Press of America.

Arneborg, Jette

1990 Roman Church in Norse Greenland. Acta Archaeologica 61:142-150.

Asad, Talal

1988 Towards a Genealogy of Ritual. In Vernacular Christianity: Essays in the Social Anthropology of Religion Presented to Godfrey Lienhardt. Wendy James and Douglas H. Johnson, ed. Pp. 73-87. Oxford: JASO.

Axtell, James

1991 Preachers, Priests, and Pagans: Catholic and Protestant Missions in Colonial North America. In New Dimensions in Ethnohistory. Laurier Conference on Ethnohistory and Ethnology, ed. Pp. 65-78. Hull: Canadian Museum of Civilization.

Badone, Ellen

1989 The Appointed Hour: Death, Worldview, and Social Change in Brittany. Berkeley: University of California Press.

1990 Breton Folklore of Anticlericalism. In Religious Orthodoxy and Popular Faith in European Society. Ellen Badone, ed. Pp. 140-162. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Badone, Ellen, ed.

1990 Religious Orthodoxy and Popular Faith in European Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Bantjes, Adrian A.

1997 Idolatry and Iconoclasm in Revolutionary Mexico: The de-Christianization Campaigns, 1929-1940. Mexican Studies 13:87-120.

Barker, John, ed.

1990 Christianity in Oceania: Ethnographic Perspectives. Lanham: University Press of America.

Barker, John

1992 Christianity in Western Melanesian Ethnography. In History and Tradition in Melanesian Anthropology. James G. Carrier, ed. Pp. 144-173. Berkeley: University of California.

Barnes, Monica

1992 Catechisms and Confessionarios: Distorting Mirrors of Andean Societies. In Andean Cosmologies Through Time: Persistence and Emergence. Robert V. H. Dover, Katherine E. Seibold and John McDowell, eds. Pp. 67-94. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Barnes, R. H.

1992 Catholic Mission and the Purification of Culture: Experiences in an Indonesian Community. Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford 23:169-180.

Barrett, David B.

1982 World Christian Encyclopedia: A Comparative Study of Churches and Religions in the Modern World, A.D. 1900-2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Barru, Rev. S.

1893 Cabalistic Magic in Mediterranean Shrine Worship. London: Blockman.

Baum, Robert M.

1990 Emergence of a Diola Christianity. Africa 60:370-398.

Bax, Mart

1983 "Us" Catholics and "Them" Catholics in Dutch Brabant: The Dialectics of a Religious Factional Process. Anthropological Quarterly 56:167-178.

1985 Popular Devotions, Power, and Religious Regimes in Catholic Dutch Brabant. Ethnology 24:215-227.

1985 Religious Infighting and the Formation of a Dominant Catholic Regime in Southern Dutch Society. Social Compass 32:57-72.

1987 Religious Regimes and State Formation: Towards a Research Perspective. Anthropological Quarterly 60:1-11.

1988 Return to Mission Status?: Religious Reality and Priestly Perception in Catholic Dutch Brabant. Ethnologia Europaea 18:73-79.

1990 Seers of Medjugorje: Professionalization and Management Problems in a Yugoslav Pilgrimage Centre. Ethnologia Europaea 20:167-176.

1991 Marian Apparitions in Medjugorje: Rivaling Religious Regimes and State Formation in Yugoslavia. In Religious Regimes and State-Formation: Perspectives from European Ethnology. Eric R. Wolf, ed. Pp. 29-53. Albany: State University of New York Press.

1992 Female Suffering, Local Power Relations, and Religious Tourism: A Case Study from Yugoslavia. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 6:114-127.

1992 The Saints of Gomila: Ritual and Violence in a Yugoslav Peasant Community. Ethnologia Europea 22:17-31.

1992 St. Gerard's Wrath: Religious Power Politics in a Dutch Community. Anthropological Quarterly 65:177-186.

1995 Medjugorje: Religion, Politics, and Violence in Rural Bosnia. Amsterdam: VU Uitgeverij.

Behar, Ruth

1990 The Struggle for the Church: Popular Anticlericalism and Religiosity in Post-Franco Spain. In Religious Orthodoxy and Popular Faith in European Society. Ellen Badone, ed. Pp. 76-112. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Beidelman, T. O.

1982 Colonial Evangelism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Bishop, Peter, and Michael Darton, eds.

1987 The Encyclopedia of World Faiths. London: Macdonald Orbis.

Black, Peter Weston

1978 The Teachings of Father Marino: Aspects of Tobian Catholicism. In Mission, Church and Sect in Oceania. James A. Boutilier, Daniel T. Hughes and Sharon W. Tiffany, eds. Pp. 307-354. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

1988 The Apotheosis of Father Marino: Foundations of Tobian Catholicism. In Culture and Christianity: Dialectics of Transformation. George R. Saunders, ed. Pp. 47-72. Westport: Greenwood Press.

1994 Domestication of Catholicism on Tobi. Pacific Studies 17:1-28.

Blackthorn, D.

1991 The Catholic Church in Europe Since the French Revolution. Comparative Studies in Society and History 33:778-790.

Blanchard, David

1982 To the Other Side of the Sky: Catholicism at Kahnawake, 1667-1700. Anthropologica (Sudbury) 24:77-102.

Boissevain, Jeremy

1965 Saints and Fireworks: Religion and Politics in Rural Malta. New York: Humanities Press.

1977 When the Saints Go Marching Out: Reflections on the Decline of Patronage in Malta. In Patrons and Clients in Mediterranean Societies. E. Gellner and J. Waterbury, ed. Pp. 81-96. London: Duckworth.

1984 Ritual Escalation in Malta. In Religion, Power, and Protest in Local Communities: The Northern Shore of the Mediterranean. Eric R. Wolf, ed. Pp. 163-183. Berlin: Mouton.

1991 Ritual, Play and Identity: Changing Patterns of Celebration in Maltese Villages. Journal of Mediterranean Studies 1:87-100.

Bosch, David

1991 Transforming Mission: Paradigmatic Shifts in the Theology of Mission. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis.

Bossy, John

1970 The Counter-Reformation and the People of Catholic Europe. Past and Present 47:51-70.

1973 Blood and Baptism: Kinship, Community, and Christianity in Western Europe from the Fourteenth to the Seventeenth Centuries. Studies in Church History 10:129-143.

1983 The Mass as a Social Institution, 1200-1700. Past and Present 100:29-62.

1985 Christianity in the West, 1400-1700. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bourdillon, M.F.C.

1988 Gleaning: Shona Selections from Biblical Myth. In Vernacular Christianity: Essays in the Social Anthropology of Religion Presented to Godfrey Lienhardt. Wendy James and Douglas H. Johnson, ed. Pp. 120-130. Oxford: JASO.

Boutilier, James A.

1978 Missions, Administration, and Education in the Solomon Islands, 1893-1942. In Mission, Church, and Sect in Oceania. James A.Boutilier, Daniel T. Hughes and Sharon W. Tiffany, eds. Pp. 139-161. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Bowden, Henry Warner

1981 American Indians and Christian Missions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Bowman, Glenn

1988 Christian Ideology and Image of a Holy Land: The Place of Jerusalem Pilgrimage in the Various Christianities. In Contesting the Sacred: The Anthropology of Christian Pilgrimage. John Eade and Michael J. Sallnow, ed. Pp. 98-121. London: Routledge.

Bradshaw, Brendan

1989 The Wild and Wooly West: Early IrishChristianity and Latin Orthodoxy. In The Churches, Ireland and the Irish. Brendan Bradshaw, ed. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Braekeleer, M. de, and M. Ross

1991 Inbreeding in Saguenay-Lac-St.-Jean (Quebec, Canada): A Study of Catholic Church Dispensations 1842-1971. Human Heredity 41:379-384.

Brandao, Carlos Rodrigues

1993 Popular Faith in Brazil. In South and Meso-American Native Spirituality: From the Cult of the Feathered Serpent to the Theology of Liberation. Gary Gossen, ed. Pp. 436-473. New York: Crossroad Publishing.

Brandes, Stanley

1976 The Priest as Agent of Secularization in Rural Spain. In Economic Transformations and Steady-State Values. Joseph B. Aceves, ed. Flushing, NY: Queen's College Press.

1990 Conclusion: Reflections on the Study of Religious Orthodoxy and Popular Faith in Europe. In Religious Orthodoxy and Popular Faith in European Society. Ellen Badone, ed. Pp. 185-200. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Brenneman, W.

1985 The Circle and the Cross: Loric and Sacred Space in the Holy Wells of Ireland. In Dwelling Plac Eand Environment: Towards a Phenomenology of Person and World. D. Seamon and R. Mugerauer, ed. Pp. 137-158. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff.

Brettel, Caroline B.

1990 The Priest and His People: The Contractual Basis for Religious Practice in Rural Portugal. In Religious Orthodoxy and Popular Faith in European Society. Ellen Badone, ed. Pp. 55-75. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Breunner, Nancy Frey

1992 The Cult of the Virgin Mary in Southern Italy and Spain. Ethos 20:66-95.

Bricker, Victoria Reifler

1981 The Indian Christ, the Indian King: The Historical Substrate of Maya Myth and Ritual. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Brown, Diana

1986 Umbanda Religion and Politics in Urban Brazil. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Brown, Peter

1981 The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Bruenau, Thomas C.

1985 Church and Politics in Brazil: The Genesis of Change. Journal of Latin American Studies 17:271-293.

Bruneau, Thomas C.

1985 Church and Politics in Brazil: The Genesis of Change. Journal of Latin American Studies 17:271-293.

Bucko, Raymond A.

1988 St. Francis Community New Year's Dance. European Review of Native American Studies 2:25-28.

Bukowczyk, J. J.

1985 Mary the Messiah: Polish Immigrant Heresy and the Malleable Ideology of the Roman Catholic Chruch, 1880-1930. Journal of American Ethnic History 4/2:5-32.

Burke, J. F.

1992 Research in a Post-Missionary Situation: Among Zairean Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur. Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford 23:157-168.

Burkhart, Lousie M.

1993 Cult of the Virgin of Guadalupe in Mexico. In South and Meso-American Native Spirituality: From the Cult of the Feathered Serpent to the Theology of Liberation. Gary Gossen, ed. Pp. 198-227. New York: Crossroad Publishing.

Burns, Robert I.

1988 Missionary Syndrome: Crusader and Pacific Northwest Religious Expansionism. Comparative Studies in Society and History 30:271-285.

Bushnell, John

1958 La Virgen de Guadalupe as Surrogate Mother in San Juan Atzingo. American Anthropologist 60:261-265.

Camp, Roderic

1994 Cross in the Polling Booth: Religion, Politics, and the Laity in Mexico. Latin American Research Review 29:69-100.

Campbell, Ena

1982 The Virgin of Guadalupe and the Female Self-Image: A Mexican Case History. In Mother Worship: Theme and Variations. James J. Preston, ed. Pp. 2-24. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Cancian, Frank

1965 Economics and Prestige in a Maya Community: A Study of the Religious Cargo System in Zinacantan, Chiapas, Mexico. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

1990 Zinacantan Cargo Waiting Lists as a Reflection of Social, Political, and Economic Changes, 1952 to 1987. In Class, Politics, and Popular Religion in Mexico and Central America. Lynn Stephen and James Dow, eds. Pp. 63-76. Washington, D.C.: Society for Latin American Anthropology.

Cannell, Fenella

1995 Imitation of Christ in Bicol, Philippines. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 1:377-394.

Carroll, Michael P.

1983 Visions of the Virgin Mary: The Effect of Family Structues on Marian Apparitions. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 24:56-74.

1985 The Virgin Mary at LaSalette and Lourdes: Whom Did the Children See." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 24:56-74.

1986 The Cult of the Virgin Mary. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

1987 Heaven-Sent Wounds: A Kleinian View of the Stigmata in the Catholic Mystical Traditions. Journal of Psychoanalytic Anthropology 10:17-38.

1989 Catholic Cults and Devotions: A Psychological Inquiry. Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press.

1992 Madonnas That Maim: Popular Catholicism in Italy Since the Fifteenth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

1996 Veiled Threats: The Logic of Popular Catholicism in Italy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Cassar, Carmel

1993 Witchcraft Beliefs and Social Control in Seventeenth Century Malta. Journal of Mediterranean Studies 3:316-334.

Catedra, Maria

1992 This World, Other Worlds: Sickness, Suicide, Death, and the Afterlife Among the Vaqueiros de Alzada of Spain. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

The Catholic Encyclopedia

1913 New York: Encyclopedia Press.

Caviedes, Cesar N.

1987 "Running Christ Against the Bandits." Natural History 96(5):44-53.

Charbonnier, J

1985 The Catholic Church in China: Old Scars and New Hopes. Missiology 13:309-321.

Chowning, Ann

1990 Gods and Ghosts in Kove. In Christianity in Oceania: Ethnographic Perspectives. John Barker, ed. Pp. 33-58. Lanham: University Press of America.

Christian Jr., William A.

1973 Holy People in Peasant Europe. Comparative Studies in Society and History 15:106-114.

1977 The Spanish Shrine. Numen 24:72-78.

1981 Apparitions in Late Medieval and Renaissance Spain. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

1981 Local Religion in Sixteenth-Century Spain. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

1982 Provoked Religious Weeping in Early Modern Spain. In Religious Organization and Religious Experience. John Davis, ed. Pp. 97-114. London: Academic Press.

1984 Religious Apparitions and the Cold War in Southern Europe. In Religion, Power, and Protest in Local Communities: The Northern Shore of the Mediterranean. Eric R. Wolf, ed. Berlin: Mouton.

1987 Folk Religion. In Encyclopedia of Religion. Mircea Eliade, ed. Pp. 370-374. New York: Macmillan.

1987 Tapping and Defining New Power: The First Month of Visions at Ezquioga, July, 1931. American Ethnologist 14:140-166.

1989 [orig. 1972] Person and God in a Spanish Valley. New York: Academic Press.

1991 Secular and Religious Responses to a Child's Fatal Illness. In Religious Regimes and State-Formation: Perspectives from European Ethnology. Eric R. Wolf, ed. Pp. 163-180. Albany: State University of New York Press.

1992 Moving Crucifixes in Modern Spain. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

1996 Visionaries: The Spanish Republic and the Reign of Christ. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Christiano, K

1993 Religion Among Hispanics in the United States: Challenges to the Catholic Churc. Archives de Sciences Sociales Des Religions 83:53-65.

Chu, T.

1985 Catholicism, Chinese Traditional Values and Marxist Thought: Searching for a Common Ground. Missiology 13:337-346.

Chute, Janet Elizabeth

1992 Ceremony, Social Revitalization and Change: Micmac Leadership and the Annual Festival of St. Anne. Papers of the Algonquian Conference (Ottawa) 23:45-61.

Coe, S.D.

1963 The Catholic Saints of the Northwest Mediterranean. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology. Harvard.

Collier, Jane

1986 From Mary to Modern Woman: The Material Basis of Marianismo and Its Transformation in a Spanish Village. American Ethnologist 13:100-107.

Comaroff, Jean, and John Comaroff

1986 Christianity and Colonialism in South Africa. American Ethnologist 13:1-22.

Counts, Dorothy Ayers

1978 Christianity in Kaliai: Response to Missionization in Northwest New Britain. In Mission, Church, and Sect in Oceania. Daniel T. Hughes James A.Boutilier, and Sharon W. Tiffany, ed. Pp. 355-394. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Crahan, Margaret E.

1985 Cuba: Religion and Revolutionary Institutionalization. Journal of Latin American Studies 17:319-340.

Crandon-Malamud, Libbet

1993 Blessings of the Virgin in Capitalist Society: The Transformation of a Rural Bolivian Fiesta. American Anthropologist 95:574-596.

Crumrine, N. Ross

1983 Symbolic Structure and Ritual Symbolism in Northwest and West Mexico. In Heritage of Conquest: Thirty Years Later. Carl Kendall et al., ed. Pp. 247-266. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

1991 Fiestas and Exchange Pilgrimages: The Yorem Pahko and Mayo Identity, Northwest Mexico. In Pilgrimage in Latin America. N. Ross Crumrine and Alan Morinis, ed. Pp. 71-90. Westport: Greenwood Press.

1991 A Pilgrimage Fiesta: Easter Week Ritual at Catacaos, Piura, Peru. In Pilgrimage in Latin America. N. Ross Crumrine and Alan Morinis, ed. Pp. 269-280. Westport: Greenwood Press.

1991a Pilgrimage Fiesta: Easter Week Ritual at Catacoas, Piura, Peru. In Pilgrimage in Latin America. N. Ross Crumrine and Alan Morinis, eds. Pp. 269-279. New York: Greenwood Press.

1991b Fiestas and Exchange Pilgrimages: The Yorem Pahko and Mayo Identity, Northwest Mexico. In Pilgrimage in Latin America. N. Ross Crumrine and Alan Morinis, eds. Pp. 71-89. New York: Greenwood Press.

Crumrine, N. Ross, and Alan Morinis, eds.

1991 Pilgrimage in Latin America. Westport: Greenwood Press.

Csordas, Thomas J.

1980 Catholic Pentecostalism: A New Word in a New World. In Perspectives on Pentecostalism. Stephen Glazier, ed. Pp. 143-175. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

1983 The Rhetoric of Transformation in Ritual Healing. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry 7:333-375.

1987 Genre, Motive and Metaphor: Conditions for Creativity in Ritual Language. Cultural Anthropology 2:445-469.

1988 Elements of Charismatic Persuasion and Healing. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 2:121-142.

1990 The Psychotherapy Analogy and Charismatic Healing. Psychotherapy 27:79-90.

1992 Religion and the World System: The Pentecostal Ethic and the Spirit of Monopoly Capital. Dialectical Anthropology 17:3-24.

1994 The Sacred Self: A Cultural Phenomenology of Charismatic Healing. Berkeley: University of California.

1997 Language, Charisma and Creativity: The Ritual Life of a Religious Movement. Berkeley: University of California Press.

1997 Prophecy and the Performance of Metaphor. American Anthropologist 99:321-332.

Cucchiari, Salvatore

1988 "Adapted for Heaven": Conversion and Culture in Western Sicily. American Ethnologist 15:417-441.

da Silva, J. A.

1993 African Independent Churches: Origin and Development. Anthropos 88:393-402.

Dahlberg, Andrea

1991 The Body as a Principle of Holism: Three Pilgrimages to Lourdes. In Contesting the Sacred: The Anthropology of Christian Pilgrimage. John Eade and Michael J. Sallnow, ed. Pp. 30-50. London: Routledge.

Darroch, A. G.

1993 Half Empty or Half Full? Images and Interpretations in the Historical Analysis of the Catholic Irish in Nineteenth-Century Canada. Canadian Ethnic Studies 25:1-8.

Das, S. R.

1988 Nature and the Extent of Stratification Among the Catholics in a Goa Village. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society 23(2):156-160.

Deng, Francis M.

1988 Dinka Response to Christianity: The Pursuit of Well-Being in a Developing Society. In Vernacular Christianity: Essays in the Social Anthropology of Religion Presented to Godfrey Lienhardt. Wendy James and Douglas H. Johnson, ed. Pp. 157-169. Oxford: JASO.

Desmangles, Leslie G.

1979 The Vodoun Way of Death: Cultural Symbiosis of Roman Catholicism and Vodoun in Haiti. Journal of Religious Thought 36:5-20.

1993 The Faces of the Gods: Vodou and Roman Catholicism in Haiti. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Di Tota, Mia

1981 Saint Cults and Political Alignments in Southern Italy. Dialectical Anthropology 5:317-329.

Dietrich, Stefan

1992 Mission, Local Culture, and the 'Catholic Ethnology' of Pater Schmidt. Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford 23:111-125.

Dobyns, Henry F.

1991 Do-It-Yourself Religion: The Diffusion of Folk Catholicism on Mexico's Northern Frontier 1821-46. In Pilgrimage in Latin America. N. Ross Crumrine and Alan Morinis, eds. Pp. 53-70. New York: Greenwood Press.

Douglass, William A.

1969 Death in Murelaga: Funerary Ritual in a Spanish Basque Village. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Driessen, Henk

1984 Religious Brotherhoods: Class and Politics in an Andalusian Town. In Religion, Power, and Protest in Local Communities: The Northern Shore of the Mediterranean. Eric R. Wolf, ed. Pp. 73-91. Berlin: Mouton.

1992 Folklorist Tales of Andalusia. Journal of Mediterranean Studies 2:101-106.

Eade, John

1988 Order and Power at Lourdes: Lay Helpers and the Organization of a Pilgrimage Shrine. In Contesting the Sacred: The Anthropology of Christian Pilgrimage. John Eade and Michael J. Sallnow, ed. Pp. 51-76. London: Routledge.

Eade, John, and Michael Sallnow, eds.

1991 Contesting the Sacred: Anthropology of Pilgrimage. London: Routledge.

Ekechi, F. K.

1972 The Holy Ghost Fathers in Eastern Nigeria, 1885-1920: Observations on Missionary Strategy. African Studies Review 15:217-239.

Farnham, Dana A.

1986 Mixing Politics and Religion: The Character of a Post-Conciliar Order of Nuns. In Women in Anthropology: Symposium Papers 1981 and 1982. Sacramento Anthropological Society, ed. Pp. 151-162. Sacramento: Sacramento Society Publication, no. 17.

Feinberg, Ellen O.

1989 Following the Milky Way: A Pilgrimage Across Spain. Ames: Iowa State University.

Few, Martha

1995 Women, Religion, and Power: Gender and Resistance in Daily Life in Late-Seventeenth-Century Santiago de Guatemala. Ethnohistory 42:627-637.

Finucane, R.

1977 Miracles and Pilgrims: Popular Beliefs in Medieval England. London: Dent.

Flinn, Juliana

1990 Catholicism and Pulapese Identity. In Christianity in Oceania: Ethnographic Perspectives. John Barker, ed. Pp. 221-235. Lanham: University Press of America.

Forman, Charles W.

1978 Foreign Missionaries in the Pacific Islands During the Twentieth Century. In Mission, Church, and Sect in Oceania. James A.Boutilier, Daniel T. Hughes and Sharon W. Tiffany, eds. Pp. 35-63. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Foster, George M.

1953 Cofradia and Compadrazgo in Spain and Spanish America. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 9:1-28.

1960 Culture and Conquest: America's Spanish Heritage. New York: Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research.

Freeman, Susan Tax

1968 Religious Aspects of the Social Organization of a Castillian Village. American Anthropologist 70:34-49.

1978 Faith and Fashion in Spanish Religion: Notes on the Observation of Observance. Peasant Studies 7:101-123.

Fried, Morton

1987 Reflection on Christianity in China. American Ethnologist 14:94-106.

Frost, Elsa Cecilia

1993 Indians and Theologians: Sixteenth-Century Spanish Theologians and Their Concept of the Indigenous Soul. In South and Meso-American Native Spirituality: From the Cult of the Feathered Serpent to the Theology of Liberation. Gary Gossen, ed. Pp. 119-139. New York: Crossroad Publishing.

Furniss, Elizabeth

1995 Resistance, Coercion, and Revitalization: The Shuswap Encounter with Roman Catholic Missionaries, 1860-1900. Ethnohistory 42:231-263.

Gabrielli, A.

1949 Saints and Shrines of Italy. Rome: Holy Year 1950 Publishing Company.

Gallaghar, Tom

1987 The Catholic Church and the Estado Novo of Portugal. In Disciplines of Faith: Studies in Religion, Politics, and Patriarchy. Lyndal Roper Jim Obelkevich, and Raphael Samuel, ed. Pp. 518-536j. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Gillett, H.

1957 Famous Shrines of Our Lady in England and Wales. London: Samuel Walker.

Gillies, Eva

1988 The Coming of Christianity to a Nigerian Middle Belt Community. In Vernacular Christianity: Essays in the Social Anthropology of Religion Presented to Godfrey Lienhardt. Wendy James and Douglas H. Johnson, ed. Pp. 105-111. Oxford: JASO.

Gilmore, David D.

1984 Andalusian Anti-Clericalism: An Eroticized Rural Protest. Anthropology 8:31-44.

1993 Democratization of Ritual: Andalusian Carnival After Franco. Anthropological Quarterly 66:37-47.

Glazier, Stephen D.

1992 Pilgrimages in the Caribbean: A Comparison of Cases from Haiti and Trinidad. In Sacred Journeys: The Anthropology of Pilgrimage. Alan Morinis, ed. Pp. 135-147. Westport: Greenwood Press.

Golde, Gunter

1975 Catholics and Protestants: Agricultural Modernization in Two German Villages. New York: Academic Press.

Gossen, Gary, ed.

1993 South and Meso-American Native Spirituality: From the Cult of the Feathered Serpent to the Theology of Liberation. New York: Crossroad.

Graham, Penelope

1994 Rhetorics of Consensus, Politics of Diversity: Church, State and Local Identity in Eastern Indonesia. Social Analysis 35:122-143.

Greenberg, James B.

1981 Santiago's Sword: Chatino Peasant Religion and Economics. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Greenfield, Sidney M.

1990 Turner and Anti-Turner in the Image of Christian Pilgrimage in Brazil. Anthropology of Consciousness 1:1-8.

Grijp, Paul van der

1993 Christian Confrontations in Paradise: Catholic Proselytizing of a Protestant Mission in Oceania. Anthropos 88:135-152.

Grimes, Ronald

1976 Symbol and Conquest: Public Ritual and Drama in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Gross, Daniel

1971 Ritual and Conformity: A Religious Pilgrimage to Northeastern Brazil. Ethnology 10:129-148.

Gruzinski, S

1992 Colonization and the War of Images in Colonial and Modern Mexico. International Social Science Journal 134:503-518.

Gudeman, Stephen

1972 The Compadrazgo as a Reflection of the Natural and Spiritual Person. Proceedings of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland for 1971.

1975 Spiritual Relationships and Selecting a Godparent. Man 10:221-237.

1976 Saints, Symbols and Ceremonies. American Ethnologist 3:709-730.

Guiart, J.

1970 Conversion to Christianity in the Pacific. In Millennial Dreams in Action. S. Thrupp, ed. Pp. 122-138. New York: Schocken Books.

Guzman, Elsa

1997 Back to Basics Mexican Style: Radical Catholicism and Survival on the Margins. Bulletin of Latin American Research 16:351-366.

Hagan, George P.

1988 Divinity and Experience: The Trance and Christianity in Southern Ghana. In Vernacular Christianity: Essays in the Social Anthropology of Religion Presented to Godfrey Lienhardt. Wendy James and Douglas H. Johnson, ed. Pp. 146-156. Oxford: JASO.

Haly, Richard

1996 'Upon This Rock': Nahuas and Naitonal Culture, a Contest of Appropriations. American Indian Quarterly 20:527-562.

Hanson, Craig A.

1995 Hispanic Horizon in Yucatan: A Model of Franciscan Missionization. Ancient Mesoamerica 6:15-28.

Harbison, Peter

1991 Pilgrimage in Ireland: The Monuments and the People. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

Hardy, Philip Dixon

1840 The Holy Wells of Ireland, Containing an Authentic Account of Those Various Places of Pilgrimage and Penance Which Are Still Annually Visited by Thousands of the Roman Catholic Peasantry. Dublin: Hardy and Walker.

Harvey, H.R.

1991 Pilgrimage and Shrine: Religious Practices Among the Otomi of Huixquilucan, Mexico. In Pilgrimage in Latin America. N. Ross Crumrine and Alan Morinis, ed. Pp. 91-108. Westport: Greenwood Press.

Hauschild, Thomas

1992 Making History in Southern Italy, in: Hastrup, K. (Hg.): Other Histories (European Association of Social Anthropologists MonographNo. 1), London, S. 29-44.

Healey, K. J.

1989 The Cross in the Window: An Examination of a 'Miracle' in Folk Catholicism. Culture and Tradition 13:66-78.

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